From the ancient philosopher Pherecydes to the patriarch of the rebetiko folk music Marcos Vamvakaris and from the Cycladic civilizations to the Phoenicians, the Venetians and the Saxons architects, Syros has a unique history.


The first evidence of life in Syros is found in the ancient Acropolis of Chalandriani and is dated back to 2400 BC. They indicate significant residential and commercial activity, while Cycladic graves with offerings constitute proof of the development of the region during the prehistoric period.



In 1204 Venetian merchants who were actively present on the Aegean, founded the first significant settlement of Ano Syros with the residents embracing Catholicism but retaining the Greek language.


This development gave Syros, apart from the Catholic element which is maintained until today, important privileges during the Turkish occupation.



During this period, Greek refugees from Chios, Psara, Crete, Ayvalik and Izmir resort in Syros and found the city of Ermoupoli in 1826, named after the God of commerce and messenger of the Gods – Mercury (known as Hermes in Greek).


The result was the development of a powerful bourgeoisie and Ermoupolis acquired several neoclassical mansions which are still retained whether as public buildings, homes or beautiful hotels. European and Greek architects such as Chiller and Eleftheriadis, along with artisans and painters from Syros are all responsible for the monumental architecture of Syros.


Buildings such as the Hall of Syros, the Apollo Theater, St. Nicholas and the area Vaporia are only samples of the many unique architectural creations.

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